Status of Ghana's Biodiversity.
Ghana has a rich stock of biological diversity as it lies within the three main bio-geographical zones, namely:
- the south western portion within the Guineo-Congolian,
- the middle belt within the Guineo-Congolian/Sudanian transition zone,
- the northern-tip of the country falls within the Sudanian zone.
Despite the lack of information on the full coverage of the biological resources of the country in such areas as the marine and other aquatic ecosystem, so far about 2,974 indigenous plant species, 504 fishes, 728 birds, 225 mammals, 221 species of amphibians and reptiles have been recorded. Three species of frogs, 1 lizard, and 23 species of butterflies have been reported to be endemic.