Incentive Measures and Sanctions for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of Biological Diversity
The government intends to introduce and use exisiting social incentives and sactions to sopport and promote activities aimed at conserving her biological resources and contribute to socio-economic development. This folder looks at some of the measures, including ecotourism development as well as sanctions.
The government will introduce a number of economic measures to support and promote activities for the conservation of her biological resources. These measures will include tax incentives, grants and subsidies. The incentives will be continuously monitored to ensure that they are effective in promoting the conservation of the country's biological resources. For example, in Ghana, ecotourism development at Kakum National Park, has been found to contribute enormously to socio-economic development. However, where any measure is found to have an adverse impact on the country's biological resources, it will be necessary to review and initiate the appropriate steps to address the situation.
Social Incentive Measures
Various measures will be put in place to show recognition for activities undertaken by chiefs and other traditional authorities, individuals, corporate bodies and communities engaged in the sustainable use and management of the country's biological resources. These could include national awards and naming of specific areas after such individuals and bodies. Occasions such as a the World Environmental Day, International Day for Biological Diversity, Arbor Day, National Farmers Day and World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought will be used to honour such individuals and bodies.
Traditional laws and sanctions, which promote biodiversity conservation, should be accorded legal backing to ensure effective enforcement.
Appropriate legislation, both at the national and district levels, should be developed to provide sanctions against individuals, corporate bodies and communities which engage in activities deemed not to be promoting the sustainable use and management of the country's biological resources.